If you frequent sites of American education, you probably were surprised to see the enthusiasm of teachers for the “flipped learning”, which is translated as “reverse learning”. The trend is heavy and articles on the subject attract numerous visitors and almost as many comments. This is the Khan Academy , a site that offers thousands of free video lessons, which sparked the movement. We ourselves have talked about learning inverted for over a year, and again recently .
The term “flipped learning” is due to two science teachers Jonathan Bergmann and Aaron Sams, who used this method of teaching in 2006. In fact, for them, learning more of the principle is reversed, or even ideology, as they say in a recent article , as a method to be applied mechanically.
Recall the outline of the principle of learning:
The teacher records with videos of lectures, or uses existing capsules;
Students are watching at home on the Internet on their computer or their DVD player depending on the technologies they have at home;
Back in class, students practice the concepts of capsules viewed by tests, projects, assignments, etc.. and seek clarification in their teacher if they have not all inclusive.
The band arrived in learning has reversed the effect of a bomb in an America that desperately wants to renew his teaching models. It must be said that the enthusiasm of pioneers is contagious and they travel all over the United States to prove that the model works. The press is now interested in these classes reversed . The impact on children of all: they not only watch the videos at home, contrary to what some feared, but they are also more motivated during school hours. Furthermore, this method is flexible. For example, in a class of students with visual impairment, a teacher will create audio clips that students can listen to them on CD or MP3 player. The esssentiel does not take the medium used, but the fact that knowledge to be acquired are pushed out of the classroom, while the residence time is used for applications.
Teachers like learning reversed. It allows them to follow the further development of each learner and see exactly what he understood or not he viewed podcasts.
Without the arrival of the Khan Academy, learning might be reversed left to the radius of educational innovations that have no vocation to become widespread. But now, Salman Khan has been there … The concept of the academy is simple and very effective. Free, no registration required, all English-speaking youth have access to short sequences in different disciplines: mathematics, history, finance, biology, etc.. The site has already received tens of millions of visits … In a lecture delivered in 2011 , Salman Khan has explained in detail his vision and what led him to create the site.
In the U.S., the creation of Salman Khan gets lots of praise. Wealthy philanthropists like Bill Gates have also invested heavily in the project so that it remains free. But there are still some skeptics in this enthusiastic atmosphere …
A new method really?
While many people prostrate themselves before learning reversed, some raise questions. This article Mathalicious Site (math courses online) sparked controversy in early 2012. The author examines all the frenzy around the Khan Academy. Although some might see a competitor who denounces another. Yet it is not. The ticket is neither petty nor aggressive towards the Khan Academy. Instead, he argues that this site is a great complement to training and revision. But the author warns all those who see learning to reverse an educational panacea secured notes.
Indeed, the creator of Mathalicious, the Khan Academy has invented nothing. While some students prefer watching videos rather than listening to their teacher in the classroom, but gives them there be to look at, exactly? Nothing more than sequences of lecture … whose appeal lies in the enthusiasm of the teacher. Thus, the arrival of the Khan Academy, according to the author of the ticket, rejected again an indispensable exercise: a frank discussion among all relevant actors (teachers, principals, parents, students) on the future of education United States and the alternatives to traditional teaching techniques.
The site of Salman Kahn also uses some principles of gamification (inspired by video games). Indeed, users are rewarded with badges based on the number of videos viewed or businesses. But this practice, according to the author of the ticket, is not necessarily going in the direction of better learning. He also spotted on the forums of the Khan Academy questions of users seeking to acquire rewards quickly. A desire for “fulfillment”, perhaps, but not learning.
Fred Singer , CEO of Echo360, a blended learning company, for its part considers that learning is a good thing reversed. It marks one more step for the migration of traditional classroom to blended learning. By cons, he would like the Khan Academy is not confined to the provision of video vignettes. It allows for example the communication between the teacher who recorded the course and students, or teachers can submit their thoughts on the courses they have driven after students have used the videos at home.
Andrew Miller , blogger, technology specialist in education, has nothing against the flipped learning, but is also uncomfortable with the current discourse crying as soon as one genius to approach the subject. To him, five elements must be checked before setting up a reverse learning:
The content must be attractive, make people want the student to look;
The sequences of courses should be challenging, give envy to learn;
We must be sure that all students will have access to content, technically speaking;
The sequences in the classroom must be highly coordinated with the content viewed on the outside;
We must therefore have adequate time and place to do it.
Learning reversed therefore leaves no one indifferent. In general, it is appreciated, but some remain skeptical about the innovative aspect of the method and conditions of its application. It is too early to draw lessons from experiments réalpisées by all the new converts to the flipped learning. But we see that already, this practice goes beyond the U.S. borders. We must therefore check carefully the advantages and limitations of learning inverted before adopting it. After all, the U.S. did not export the good stuff on the planet.